Research the clothing of the time period and design a costume to fit Shonagon's description. You may create a color drawing of the outfit, but you will receive extra credit for sewing it! View all Lesson Plans available from BookRags. All rights reserved. Toggle navigation. Sign Up. Sign In. View the Study Pack. Lesson Calendar. Chapter Abstracts. Character Descriptions. Object Descriptions. Daily Lessons. Fun Activities. Essay Topics. Short Essay Questions.
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Short Essay Questions Key. Kiyomori filled no less than 50 government posts with his relatives, rebuilt the Inland Sea, and encouraged trade with Song China. He also took aggressive actions to safeguard his power when necessary, including the removal and exile of 45 court officials and the razing of two troublesome temples, Todai-ji and Kofuku-ji. The Taira were seduced by court life and ignored problems in the provinces [ citation needed ] , where the Minamoto clan were rebuilding their strength. In , two years after Kiyomori's death, Yoritomo Minamoto dispatched his brothers Yoshitsune and Noriyori to attack Kyoto.
The Taira were routed and forced to flee, and the Empress Dowager tried to drown herself and the 7-year old Emperor he perished, but his mother survived.
Takakura's other son succeeded as Emperor Go-Toba. With Yoritomo firmly established, the bakufu system that governed Japan for the next seven centuries was in place. Yoritomo then turned his attention to the elimination of the powerful Fujiwara family, which sheltered his rebellious brother Yoshitsune. One year before his death in , Yoritomo expelled the teenaged emperor Go-Toba from the throne. Two of Go-Toba's sons succeeded him, but they would also be removed by Yoritomo's successors to the shogunate. Buddhism began to spread throughout Japan during the Heian period, primarily through two major esoteric sects, Tendai and Shingon.
Shingon is the Japanese transmission of the Chinese Chen Yen school. As a result, Tendai emphasized great reverence for the emperor and the nation. Kanmu himself was a notable patron of the otherworldly Tendai sect, which rose to great power over the ensuing centuries. Shingon, through its use of "rich symbols, rituals and mandalas "  held a wide-ranging appeal.
Although written Chinese Kanbun remained the official language of the Heian period imperial court, the introduction and widespread use of kana saw a boom in Japanese literature. Poetry, in particular, was a staple of court life.
The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon Lesson Plans
Nobles and ladies-in-waiting were expected to be well versed in the art of writing poetry as a mark of their status. Every occasion could call for the writing of a verse, from the birth of a child to the coronation of an emperor, or even a pretty scene of nature. A well-written poem could easily make or break one's reputation, and often was a key part of social interaction.
The Japanese of this period believed handwriting could reflect the condition of a person's soul: therefore, poor or hasty writing could be considered a sign of poor breeding. Whether the script was Chinese or Japanese, good writing and artistic skill were paramount to social reputation when it came to poetry.
The lyrics of the modern Japanese national anthem, Kimigayo , were written in the Heian period, as was The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu , one of the first novels ever written. During the Heian period, beauty was widely considered an important part of what made one a "good" person. In cosmetic terms, aristocratic men and women powdered their faces and blackened their teeth, the latter termed ohaguro.
The male courtly ideal included a faint mustache and thin goatee , while women's mouths were painted small and red, and their eyebrows were plucked or shaved and redrawn higher on the forehead hikimayu. Costumes were determined by office and season, with a woman's robes, in particular, following a system of color combinations representing flowers, plants, and animals specific to a season or month, see the Japanese Wikipedia entries irome and kasane-no-irome.
While on one hand, the Heian period was an unusually long period of peace, it can also be argued that the period weakened Japan economically and led to poverty for all but a tiny few of its inhabitants. The control of rice fields provided a key source of income for families such as the Fujiwara and was a fundamental base for their power.
One reason the samurai were able to take power was that the ruling nobility proved incompetent at managing Japan and its provinces. By the year , the government no longer knew how to issue currency and money was gradually disappearing. Instead of a fully realized system of money circulation, rice was the primary unit of exchange. For instance, messengers were rewarded with useful objects, e. The Fujiwara rulers failed to maintain adequate police forces, which left robbers free to prey on travelers.
This is implicitly illustrated in novels by the terror that night travel inspired in the main characters. The iconography of the Heian period is widely known in Japan, and depicted in various media, from traditional festivals to anime. In the manga and TV series Hikaru no Go , the protagonist Hikaru Shindo is visited by a ghost of a go genius from the Heian period and its leading clan, Fujiwara no Sai.
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Traditional horseback archery yabusame festivals, which date from the beginning of the Kamakura period immediately following the Heian period feature similar dress. Both books were written by Cerridwen Fallingstar. It allows the player to make their own version of the Genpei War which happened during the Heian period.
The player is able to choose one of the most powerful families of Japan at the time, the Taira, Minamoto or Fujiwara; each family fielding two branches for a total of six playable clans. The expansion pack features a different set of land units, ships, and buildings and is also playable in the multiplayer modes. Cosmology of Kyoto is a Japanese video game set in 10th — 11th-century Japan. It was praised by film critic Roger Ebert.
The Pillow Book (Film) Summary
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japanese literature lesson plans final
Skip to content After beginning my month of Japanese reviews with a couple of contemporary stories , I continue the theme today by looking back into the distant past. Yes, there are plenty of lists, but the book is also a window into history, and more besides: Touching on a wide range of issues, such as the status of women, subjectivity, aesthetic competence, and literacy, The Pillow Book depicts the court of Empress Teishi as triumphant and glorious.
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