The purpose of this paper is to remedy this lacuna. A few high-moral knowledgeable mid-managers prevented total failures by vulnerable involvement that created virtuous trust and learning cycles.
Practical implications — As managerial know-how portability is often illusory and causes negative dominance of ignorant outsider executives, new CEO succession norms and new yardsticks for assessing fitness of potential executives are required, proposed in the paper. Social implications — Oligarchic contexts encourage MIC and L-MC, hence democratization is called for to counter this negative impact and promote efficiency, effectiveness and innovation.
The influence of leadership styles on employee engagement: The moderating effect of communication styles. Employees are the important asset of an organization as they are the ones that determine the success or failure of the organization.
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Organizations that realize the importance of their employees have come out with various strategies and Organizations that realize the importance of their employees have come out with various strategies and policies to ensure that their well-being is taken care of and they become engaged in their work. Apart from this consideration, leadership style is also expected to play a significant role in affecting employees' attitudes.
This study is intended to investigate the influence of leadership style on employees' engagement by considering the moderating effect of leadership communication styles. A total of data were collected from employees' via email. The results of a multiple regression analysis revealed that employee orientation leadership style is a significant predictor of employee engagement. Joining communication style significantly moderates the relationship between production orientation and employee engagement.
Leaders who emphasize on production must use joining communication style so that the employee engagement level can be optimized. CCMI causes vicious distrust and ignorance cycles and mismanagement, it bars performance-based career advancement and encourages immoral careerism Im-C , advancing by various immoral subterfuges. Remedies for this corporate malady are called for, with suggestions for further research.
Managerial fractal intelligences. Psychometric evidence for empowering the theory of multiple intelligences. Since long before Gardner proposed his model of multiple intelligences, an important question has been constantly fueled by both management's theorists and practitioners: " Is the quality of the decision making process linked with the Since long before Gardner proposed his model of multiple intelligences, an important question has been constantly fueled by both management's theorists and practitioners: " Is the quality of the decision making process linked with the genetic heritage that managers have in terms of intellectual potential?
While examining whether a managerial decision was cleverly or foolishly reached, or otherwise the decision was handled intelligently or ineptly, we can find distinctive connotations of the multiple intelligences model, which may feed the assumption that there are certain criteria for a behavior to be considered a managerial intelligence. The main objective of the paper is to reveal a part of the interesting conclusions that were brought to light by a daring research initiative of a Romanian psychometric technologies inventor Dumitru Grigore , in the field of multiple intelligences.
The paper starts from debating on the limitations of the Gardner's model of multiple intelligences and continues with exploring the main principles of analysis that were used for identifying the fractal intelligences and then the managerial fractal intelligences. The discussion leads to a set of well-articulated assumptions, reinforced by concrete results of a research conducted on a sample of over subjects, tested with the help of modern psychometric technologies, which are based on the GSR concept galvanic skin response.
The authors' approach can represent a fresh perspective on the multiple intelligences theory, which might be of interest to students, researchers, managers or psychologists. Situational Leadership and its Implication in Business Communication. Communication is at the heart of everything that we do as a person, employee, and manager. For a business, communication is also at the heart of how it functions and operates. Without communication, an individual cannot interact with Without communication, an individual cannot interact with another person, customer, employee, manager.
A corporation, through its people, communicates internally and externally. With the need of communication throughout this global enterprise, it is the leadership at all levels that needs to ensure that the communication is effective and applied at a situational level. Many leadership theories are referred and considered in this research article To further explore this form of leadership, 4 significant leadership styles are proposed in this paper: Director System-driven , Coach People person , Entrepreneur Visionary and Specialist Technical expert , taking different theories of leadership into consideration.
The above leadership types are representations of ways of leading in the complex organisation. They may be seen as models to understand the leadership behavior and characteristics. In the discussion of each of the above-mentioned leadership types, specific features, attitudes, approach and traits are explored. In addition, the specific leadership behavior patterns of the 4 leadership styles are highlighted. These in-depth descriptions form the foundation for developing a LEAP — Leadership Effective Aptitude Profile assessment, a psychometric tool designed to allow leaders to identify their own leadership style to help them lead people effectively.
The awareness of personal leadership style and its implications is imperative to be able to develop leadership skills and flex leadership techniques according to situational demands.
The insight provided by LEAP assessment, discussed in this research paper, acts as an underpinning for comprehensive and balanced leadership effectiveness. This tool is extensively used as a prelude to leadership skill development. Interpersonal Communication — Takes place any time a message is transmitted between two people.
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This type of communication is not limited to formal speaking situations. It includes casual acquaintances, intimate relationships, family members, coworkers, etc. Occupational communication consists of specific communication skills that employers are looking for; specifically: 6. Integrity and honesty — choosing ethical courses of action b. Listening — Attending to and interpreting verbal messages from others. Reading — Locating, understanding, and interpreting written information in documents such as manuals, graphs, and schedules.
Oral Communication — Communicating ideas and information through verbal presentations. Written Communication — Communicating ideas and information through documents such as letters, manuals, reports, and graphs. Responsibility and Self-management — Exerting high levels of effort, striving to achieve goals, monitoring progress, and exhibiting self-control. Problem Solving — Recognizing problems and devising and implementing plans to solve them.
Knowing how to learn — Acquiring and applying new knowledge and skills. Sociability — Working and interacting well with others.
Diversity — Functioning effectively in a multicultural and diverse work environment. Decision Making — Prioritizing goals, generating, alternatives and considering risks, choosing the best alternatives. Creative Thinking — Generating new ideas. The Elements of Communication e.
Effective Communication consists of the following key elements: 7.
A Sender — who transmits a message? A Receiver — who intercepts a message and then decodes it 3. Encoding — which is the act of converting an idea into a message; performed by the sender. Decoding — the act of translating the message into an idea; performed by the receiver.
A Message — any symbol or collection of symbols that has meaning or utility.
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A Channel — The medium used to transmit the message. Noise — any distortion that interferes with the transmission of a signal from the source to the destination. The Role of a Receiver is to obtain the encoded message and to translate or decode it. While decoding, the receiver must account for any noise or distortion that may have interfered during the transmission of the Senders message.
The Roles and Characteristics of a Message 1. As stated before, a message consists of symbols with meanings; these culturally agreed upon symbols create a symbolic language. Symbols — are characters, letters, numbers, words, objects, people, or actions that stand for or represent something besides themselves. A Language — is a set of characters, or elements, and rules for their use in relation to one another. Messages may involve verbal codes — such as spoken or written language — or nonverbal codes, involving appearance, gestures, touch or other means.
Examples of messages: speech, letter, wink, poem, advertisement, or painting. Denotation — The basic and generally understood meaning of a word found in the dictionary. It is likely within a society that there is an agreed upon understanding of symbols within that society. When someone does not understand the general meaning, denotation can have an impact on the message; be it a positive or negative impact. Connotation — The meanings and feelings associated with a word by an individual, based on personal experience.
Through self-reference we learn to attach meanings to the symbols to meanings that reflect our own experiences. This influence dictates how we interpret messages; what may be happy or sad for one person can have the opposite effect on someone else. Characteristics of the information or message have a major impact on the selection, interpretation, and retention of said message. Origin — Where or how the message was created plays an important role in effective communication.
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Some messages are produced internally via intrapersonal communication. And other messages are produced using interpersonal communication. Visual — cues pertaining to sight; such as a wave, smile, or clothing. Tactile — cues pertaining to touch; such as touch, bumping, or temperature. Auditory — cues pertaining to hearing; such as speaking, honking a horn, or whistling. Gustatory — cues pertaining to taste; such as food sources and your taste. Physical Character — The messages size, color, brightness, and intensity are also important in information processing.
Cultural — Culture is the complex combination of common symbols, knowledge, folklore, customs, language, information processing patterns, rituals, habits, and other behavioral patterns that link and give a common identity to a particular group of people at a particular point in time. The effects of culture on communication can lead to misunderstandings of symbols that may have alternative meanings from culture-to-culture.
Social — People form social groups with like-minded people. Some notions that may be agreed upon in one social environment may not have the same meaning in alternative social settings. Economic — A persons, societies, or cultures economic status can have a profound effect on how a message is received and interpreted.